Rosacea is an inflammatory skin condition. It mainly affects the face and causes redness and visible blood vessels in your face. It is most common with middle aged women, but male symptoms tend to be worse.
People may experience burning or stinging whilst washing with water or using skincare products. It can flare up for a number of weeks and then settle again.
Rosacea is often mistaken with acne, other skin problems or natural ruddiness. So what are the signs and symptoms to look out for?
- Facial redness – small blood vessels on the nose and cheeks often swell and become visible. Redness (blushing) is experience across the nose, cheeks, forehead and chin.
- Red swollen bumps – pimples containing pus may develop around the face that appear similar acne. The skin tends to feel hot and tender.
- Eye problems. some experience dry, irritated, swollen eyes. The eyelids may also appear swollen.
- Thickened nose – rosacea can thicken the skin on the nose, although this occurs more often in men than in women.
Although we do not know what exactly causes rosacea, there are a number of triggers that are thought cause a flare up. Trigger might include, genetics, blood vessel problems or bacteria such as H.pylori which lives in the gut.
However there are other hereditary and environmental factors which may contribute to flare ups. These factors might include the following, which might help prevent flare-ups.
- Spicy foods
- Diary foods
- Hot drinks
- Red wine or alcohol
- Sunlight or wind
- Emotion or stress
- Medication including some blood pressure medications
- Some cosmetic products
- Extreme or variation in temperatures
There are a number of treatments which could help treat rosacea and reduce any flare-ups. A combination treatment is usually the best treatment strategy. Popular treatments include:
Laser – laser treatment uses heat from wavelengths of light to collapse the visible, tiny red blood vessels. Laser treatment can reduce the density of the blood vessels in the superficial part of the skin. The treatment leads to reduction in redness, flushing symptoms and burning and stinging sensations.
Phototherapy – this is another very effective treatment for rosacea. The treatment penetrates below the surface of the skin. This stimulates improved cellular function, making this a great treatment with no downtime. Treatments are usually repeated every 4 weeks.
Skincare – Topical antibiotics, tretinoin, benzoyl peroxide, and azelaic acid are effective treatments. Creams and skincare can also help reduce inflammation. Retinoids are also able to stimulate connective tissue remodelling. Retinoids may help repair any sun induced damage and also have anti-inflammatory actions.
It is also important to avoid excessive sun exposure and to apply SPF30 or higher sunscreen if you are going out in the sun. You should also avoid alcohol and hot beverages containing caffeine and other precautions as already discussed above.
Book a Consultation
Our skincare expert Dr Sobia Syed is an expert in the treatment of a variety of skin conditions. We recommend that patients book in for a consultation. During the consultation Dr Sobia will agree a bespoke plan and also recommend the best treatment.
For more information simply contact our clinic team.